THEOLOGICAL STUDY OF BELIS TRADITION IN SUMBA SOCIETY

  • Yunus Selan Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Pelita Dunia
  • Apliana Beili Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Pelita Dunia
  • Sri Dwi Harti Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Pelita Dunia
Keywords: Belis, Perkawinan Sumba, Pernikahan Kristen

Abstract

This study discusses the theological analysis of giving belis in marriages for the people of Sumba. This culture or custom has been passed down from generation to generation and always intersects with church marriage. There are many different responses to belis in Sumba community marriages, especially from Christians. The research method used is a literature study. The object of study is the giving of dowries in the marriages of Isaac and Rebekah, Jacob and Rachel, David and Michal, and Shechem and Dina. Theological reflections obtained from this study: First, dowry in the Bible is given as a sign of respect for women and their families. Second, dowry is not coercion but rather the ability of a man to prove his love for a woman who wants to be his wife. Therefore, if it is applied to the belis culture in the Sumbanese people, belis does not conflict with the Christian faith, and belis has positive things that aim to help each other. The implications include: First, belis must be given according to the man's ability. Second, belis may not be held to fulfill the personal ambitions of the bride and groom or their family. Purchase payments must be made for the common good. Third, belis is given in an honorable way. There is no need to justify any means to prove the ability to pay belis at high prices.

References

Bidaya, Foluaha. 2019. “Sketsa Pernikahan Dalam Perjanjian Lama.” Regula Fidei : Jurnal Pendidikan Agama Kristen 4, no. 2: 92–110. https://doi.org/10.46307/rfidei.v4i2.34.

Boersema, Jan. 2015. Perjumpamaan Injil dan Budaya dalam Kawin-Mawin Kajian Antropologis-Etis “Harga Kawin”; Pem-belis-an di Sumba Timur. Jakarta: Yayasan Komunikasi Bina Kasih.

Calvin, John. 2001. Institutes of the Christian Religion. Eerdmans Pub Co. http://www.guten-berg.org/license.

Dendeng, Leonardo Caesar. 2014. “Pacaran.” Tumou Tou 1, no. 1: 72–86. https://ejournal-iakn-manado.ac.id/index.php/tumoutou/article/view/67.

Erwinsyahbana, T. 2012. “Sistem Hukum Perkawinan Pada Negara Hukum Berdasarkan Pancasila.” Jurnal Ilmu Hukum Riau 3, no. 2: 166–77. https://doi.org/10.30652/jih.v2i02.1143.

Harrison, Everett F., dan Charles F. Pfeiffer, ed. 2014. Tafsiran Alkitab Wycliffe Volume 1 (Perjanjian Lama: Kejadian-Ester). Malang: Gandum Mas.

Henry, Matthew. 2014. Kitab Kejadian: Tafsiran Matthew Henry. Jakarta: Momentum.

Kaleka, Rofinus D. 2019. “Benarkah Belis Perempuan Sumba Mahal?” Kompasiana.com. 2019.

Kamuri, Johanis Putratama, dan Grace Mariany Toumeluk. 2021. “Tinjauan Etis-Teologis Terhadap Tradisi Belis Di Pulau Sumba Berdasarkan Konsep Mahar Dalam Alkitab.” Societas Dei: Jurnal Agama dan Masyarakat 8, no. 1: 7–30. https://doi.org/10.33550/sd.v8i1.191.

Kumowal, Royke. 2021. “Perspektif Iman Kristen Terhadap Pemberian Mahar Suku Dayak Berusu, Kecamatan Malinau Barat, Kabupaten Malinau, Kalimantan Utara.” DA’AT : Jurnal Teologi Kristen 2, no. 1: 1–12. https://doi.org/10.51667/djtk.v2i1.391.

Muthmainnah, Lailiy, dan Sonjoruri Budiani Trisakti. 2010. “Ruang Privat Individu Dalam Sistem Kawin Mawin Masyarakat Sumba Timur.” Jurnal Filsafat 20, no. 3: 239–59. https://doi.org/10.22146/jf.3421.

Nainggolan, Alon Mandimpu, dan Tirai Niscaya Harefa. 2020. “Spritualitas Pernikahan Kristen.” Deigesis: Jurnal Teologi 5, no. 1: 1–15. http://sttbi.ac.id/journal/index.php/diegesis/article/view/28.

Nazara, Zuniasa. 2005. “Peranan Etika Kristen Dalam Membangun Pranikah Yang Kudus Bagi Remaja Kristen.” Raah: Journal of Pastoral Counseling 1, no. 1: 107–10. https://ejournal.staknkupang.ac.id/ojs/index.php/rah/article/view/47/39.

Oktarina, Lindha Pradhipti, Mahendra Wijaya, dan Argyo Demartoto. 2015. “Pemaknaan Perkawinan: Studi Kasus Pada Perempuan Lajang Yang Bekerja Di Kecamatan Bulukerto Kabupaten Wonogiri.” Jurnal Analisa Sosiologi 4, no. 1: 75–90. https://doi.org/10.20961/jas.v4i1.17412.

Paath, Jean, Yuniria Zega, dan Ferdinan Pasaribu. 2020. “Konstruksi Pernikahan Kristen Alkitabiah.” SCRIPTA: Jurnal Teologi dan Pelayanan Kontekstual 8, no. 2 (Oktober): 181–202. https://doi.org/10.47154/scripta.v8i2.104.

Stanislaus, Surip. 2019. “PERKAWINAN DALAM KITAB SUCI PERJANJIAN LAMA.” LOGOS 14, no. 2 (April): 17–51. https://doi.org/10.54367/logos.v14i2.337.

Steven, Christofan Dorry, dan Taufik Akbar Rizqy Yunanto. 2019. “Pengaruh Belis Dalam Masyarakat Sumba.” Insight : Jurnal Pemikiran dan Penelitian Psikologi 15, no. 2: 204–12. https://doi.org/10.32528/ins.v15i2.1838.

Sugitanata, Arif, dan Abdul Rozak. 2020. “Konsep Pertunangan Dalam Perspektif Agama: Studi Komperatif Agama Islam Dan Kristen.” Adhki: Journal of Islamic Family Law 2, no. 2: 139–47. https://doi.org/10.37876/adhki.v2i2.24.

Togatorop, Mangiring Tua, Septerianus Waruwu, Yudhy Sanjaya, Elia Bara Kusuma Penusa Sumiran, Permon Asso, dan Karisma Valensia. 2019. “Bimbingan Konseling Pra-Nikah Bagi Keluarga Kristen Dalam Mengembangkan Keharmonisan Pernikahan Menurut Efesus 5:22-33.” REAL COSTER: Jurnal Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat 2, no. 2: 34–41. https://doi.org/10.53547/rcj.v2i2.121.

Uma, Wilhelmus Kuara Jangga, Dwi Handayani, dan Yoga Satriya Nurgiri. 2018. “Makna Nyale dalam Upacara Adat Pasola Sebagai Upaya Pelestarian Budaya Di Sumba Barat Nusa Tenggara Timur.” Historia: Jurnal Program Studi Pendidikan Sejarah 6, no. 2: 347–64. https://doi.org/10.24127/hj.v6i2.1430.

Walukati, Yonathan Lu. 2018. “Tradisi Kawin Mawin Suku Sumba: Belis atau Beli?” Kompasiana.com.

Wellem, Frederiek Djara. 2004. Injil dan Marapu: Suatu Studi Historis-Teologis Tentang Perjumpamaan Injil dengan Masyarakat Sumba pada Periode 1876-1990. Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia.

Zed, Mestika. 2008. Metodologi Penelitian Kepustakaan. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor.

Published
2023-06-29
How to Cite
Selan, Y., Beili, A., & Harti, S. D. (2023). THEOLOGICAL STUDY OF BELIS TRADITION IN SUMBA SOCIETY . BONAFIDE: Jurnal Teologi Dan Pendidikan Kristen, 4(1), 147-163. https://doi.org/10.46558/bonafide.v4i1.156
Section
Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)